Gaius MariusCaesar's uncle Caesar was born into a patrician family, the gens Juliawhich claimed descent from Iulusson of the legendary Trojan prince Aeneassupposedly the son of the goddess Venus. Despite their ancient pedigree, the Julii Caesares were not especially politically influential, although they had enjoyed some revival of their political fortunes in the early 1st century BC.
Given the time period, he would probably have been one of the Julii Caesares, most probably a brother of the Sextus Julius Caesar who was consul inand the great-grandfather of the dictator. This is how Drumann regarded the dictator's most likely descent. Gaius Julius Caesar grandfather of the dictator [ edit ] The grandfather of the dictator is relatively unknown; he might have been the same Julius Caesar who died while praetor urbanus.
Nothing is known of the career of Gaius Julius Caesar, except that he can possibly be identified with a praetor who died suddenly at Rome, according to Pliny ; but that may instead have been the Lucius Julius Caesar who held that office in BC. We know that the dictator's paternal grandmother was named Marcia, and that through her the family traced its descent from Ancus Marciusthe fourth King of Rome.
He had already earned a good reputation for his oratorical skills when he became a candidate for the consulship in BC Strabo and his half-brother, Luciuswho had been consul two years earlier, became embroiled in the civil war between Marius and Sullaand they were put to death by the partisans of Marius in Gaius Julius Caesar proconsul Gaius Julius Caesar, sometimes distinguished as "the Elder", was the father of the dictator.
In or BC, he served on a commission for the distribution of land, which was then awarded mainly to veterans who had served under Marius. Caesar was praetor around 92 BC, and proconsul of Asia for at least two years, although he had never held the consulship.
He seems to have departed his province before the Mithridatic War. Subsequently, he chose to lead a quiet life outside Rome. He died suddenly at Pisae in 85 BC. Caesar's wife was Aurelia Cotta. He was known to have remained a friend of his brother-in-law, Marius. A brilliant general who inspired his men, Caesar conquered Gaulwon the Civil Warand instituted various civil and social reforms at Rome.
Named dictator in perpetuity, Caesar was assassinated by a group of senators on the Ides of March, 44 BC. The years after his death saw the demise of the Roman Republic, and the establishment of the Roman emperors. Augustus Born Gaius Octavius, the grandnephew of the dictator was adopted by will as his son and heir, becoming Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus.
After avenging himself on his uncle's murderers and political opponents, Octavian and his allies formed the Second triumvirate. Four years later, the Senate granted him the title of Augustus, which ever after signified the holder of imperial authority.
Augustus maintained the outer forms of the Republic, while at the same time concentrating nearly the full power of the state in his own person. He was the founder of the Julio-Claudian dynasty of emperors, which endured for more than ninety years.
Gaius Julius Caesar son of Agrippa [ edit ] Main article: As the emperor had no sons, he adopted Gaius, who became Gaius Julius Caesar, and his brother, Lucius, in the hope that they would succeed him. But he died in AD 4, two years after Lucius Caesar. He succeeded to the empire on the death of Tiberiusand enjoyed a brief period of popularity and admiration.
This faded as his reputation for cruelty and capriciousness became increasingly apparent. He was assassinated in AD Gaius Julius Caesar (July BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a military commander, politician and author at the end of the Roman Republic. Gaius Julius Caesar; Consul and Dictator of the Roman Republic: Bust of Julius Caesar.
Reign. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, ? bce, Rome [Italy]—died March 15, 44 bce, Rome), celebrated Roman general and statesman, the conqueror of Gaul (58–50 bce), victor in the civil war of 49–45 bce, and dictator (46–44 bce), who was launching a series of political and social reforms when he was assassinated by a group of nobles in the Senate House on the Ides of March.
Octavius became close to Julius Caesar – the dictator of the Roman Empire, and impressed by his young relative, Julius Caesar named Octavius as the main beneficiary of his will.
On becoming the adopted son of Julius Caesar, he took the new name of Gaius Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar: Julius Caesar, celebrated Roman general and statesman, An aunt of the future dictator had married Gaius Marius, a self-made man (novus homo) Public Broadcasting Service - Biography of Julius Caeser; Britannica Websites.
A SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF JULIUS CAESAR Gaius Julius Caesar: His Place in History A politician of the populares tradition, he formed an unofficial triumvirate with Marcus Licinius Crassus and Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus which dominated Roman politics for several years. Apr 28, · Gaius Julius Caesar was born 12 July BCE (though some cite as his birth year).
His father, also Gaius Julius Caesar, was a Praetor who governed the province of Asia and his mother, Aurelia Cotta, was of noble birth.