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Glossary of Lean Production Related Terms The following contains a sometimes commented glossary of terms related to lean manufacturing or production management with a brief definition. The list includes a lot of Japanese terms, although almost all of them can also easily be explained using English terms, which are also given.
This list is ever expanding but never complete, as the tendency to invent new terms or buzzwords outstrips the ability of any lexicographer. While a lot of the terms below are useful, many of them seem to have been invented solely to sell more products and services to industry using fancy buzzwords.
To make things easier for you I have marked which terms are in my opinion more or less relevant: A full bullet indicates a more relevant term. Those will help you in your daily Lean related work.
A circle bullet indicates a less relevant term.
Those are less useful to me but can be used to bedazzle others with fancy language or to avoid being bedazzled by others. Please let me know if you think there are any terms missing. Short for the words Muda wasteMura unevennessand Muri overburden.
However, I think you are perfectly fine with sticking to the original 3M. Product design process developed initially at Volkswagen focusing in manufacturability.
One of its key features is the use of models or prototypes for assembly tests. Sometimes one of these 3R is swapped with Genchi for the real place or Genchi Genbutsu for going and seeing the real place.
Common structure for potential causes for Problem Solving methods, for example as the bones of the Fish Bone Diagram. This is often expanded into 8M, including additionally management, milieu, measurement, and money. Otherwise, everything else is the same. See 5 S for more. In English also sometimes translated into 5 C.
Series of questions sometimes used in Problem Solving to understand the breadth of a situation. Similar but for a different purpose than the 5 Why in Japan.
Originally a quality-based approach to manufacturing, requiring six standard deviations actually 4. Has by now expanded to include all of lean manufacturing and is hence often called Lean Six Sigma. Six Sigma is well known for its lean training organization awarding green belts and Black Beltsalthough a black belt does not automatically mean that the person has experience in lean.
See also my post on Six Sigma. Traditionally, waste Muda is grouped into seven types.
The seven types of waste commonly used in lean are in the original sequence of Ohno starting with the worst overproduction, waiting of operatorsunnecessary transport, over-processing, inventory, movement of operatorsand defects and rework.
Many more types of waste have been added in the western world, most prominently wasted human creativity — although I am a fan of the original seven types from Toyota. See Tim Wood for an easy to remember mnemonic, although the sequence is not in the original priority.
Method developed at Ford in for Problem Solving based on eight disciplines, although a ninth discipline Number 0 has later been added. The disciplines in order are: List of aspects that have to be right in supply chain management or purchasing.
The exact content of the list varies, as there are also examples with 5R. Usually it includes the right quality, right quantity, right material type, right place, right time, right source, right price, right type of transport, right contract.
The first five of these are usually the 5R, pick any of the nine in the list for the other 8R, as not everybody agrees on what is right. Problem Solving approach often attributed to Toyota. See also 8 D. Base your decision on long-term philosophy rather than short-term goals; 3: Use pull to avoid overproduction; 4: Level the workload; 7:JIT and Lean Manufacturing processes are central to the smooth running of many production lines around the world and EDI provides a fast and efficient way to transfer business documents in order to support these types of manufacturing processes.
Analysis of Toyota Motor Corporation By: Thembani Nkomo This paper will explore the external and internal environment of Toyota Motor Corporation, and suggest the Lean Manufacturing concept. This concept also includes innovative practices like Just in Time, Kaizen, and Six Sigma.
Also applies outside of manufacturing, e.g. lean banking, lean office, lean government, lean military, lean service, lean accounting, lean logistics, lean management, lean product development, lean startup, lean maritime, or any other type of industry or sector that you can think of with the word “Lean” added.
MG Strategic Management Business Policy 14th Ed Park University. STUDY.
PLAY. A_____is a transaction involving two or more corporations in which stock is exchanged, but from which only one corporation survives. incorporates the statistical approach of Six Sigma with the lean manufacturing program originally developed by Toyota.
Lean manufacturing is a business system and continuous improvement philosophy that aims to deliver the highest-quality product while eliminating waste, including lost time and material.
At Nike, we also believe lean can empower workers and teams. Lean manufacturing or lean production, often simply "lean", is a systematic method for waste minimization ("Muda") within a manufacturing system without sacrificing productivity, which can .