Visit Website Did you know? Washington to dine with him and his family; he was the first president ever to entertain a black man in the White House.
Theodore Roosevelt First as a popular writer, and later as President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt exercised a profound influence on the history of the American West, earning his place among the presidential giants portrayed on Mt.
Rushmore in South Dakota. Born on October 27,in New York City, Roosevelt grew up in a wealthy family long prominent in local civic affairs. He was sickly as a child, suffering especially from asthma, but he early devoted himself to vigorous exercise, gaining a physical stamina and love of outdoor sports that became a hallmark of his character.
Graduating from Harvard inRoosevelt married Alice Hathaway Lee and the next year was elected to the New York State Assembly, where he became a leader among the minority of Republicans who pressed for social reform through government regulation.
He first headed West indrawn to the Dakota Territory by reports that three years of systematic hunting had all but destroyed the once massive buffalo herd of the northern plains. Roosevelt was determined to add this symbol of the American West to his trophy collection before it became extinct, and despite punishing weather, he stayed in the field until he accomplished his goal.
At the same time, Roosevelt became enamored of the western landscape and the strenuous outdoor life of the plains, and purchased two ranches in the Dakota Badlands before heading back east. The next year,Roosevelt returned to his ranch as a refuge from tragedy and disappointment.
The isolation and immensity of the Badlands helped him escape these misfortunes, and offered a retreat where he could pursue his interest in writing.
Roosevelt had already published a history of The Naval War ofwhich he had begun at Harvard. Now he became a western author, publishing such works as Hunting Trips of a RanchmanThomas Hart Bentonand a four-volume history of the early frontier, The Winning of the West Among his writings at this time was a series of articles on western life published by the Century Magazine and later collected as Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail.
Drawing on his experience as a rancher and sportsman, Roosevelt painted a picture of the West that prompted many well-to-do eastern readers to head onto the plains as tourists. Returning to politics inRoosevelt served on the U. Civil Service Commission, where he led the reform effort to replace patronage with merit in the awarding of government jobs.
Inhe became New York City police commissioner, transferring his reformist zeal to local politics. Then, two years later, he was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy and became a leading proponent of war with Spain, which was attempting to reassert control over its Caribbean colonies.
When war came inRoosevelt resigned from government and helped organize the "Rough Riders" officially the First U. Volunteer Cavalrya force made up of "cowboys and college graduates," as he put it, and led them in a much-publicized charge up Kettle Hill in the battle for San Juan Heights.
When the Republican ticket won, Roosevelt was out of their hair. Over the next seven years, he worked tirelessly to promote social and governmental reform, often relying on his executive authority to implement programs that would have been rejected by the conservative forces that controlled Congress.
Later, he secured passage of federal regulations to control railroad rates and to set quality standards for foods and drugs.
He also precipitated a revolution that separated Panama from Columbia and cleared the way for construction of the Panama Canal. At the urging of Gifford Pinchot, a college-trained forester who argued that the natural resources of the West required scientific management to prevent their depletion by private developers, Roosevelt seized on the Forest Reserves Act, which empowered the president to set aside public lands as national forests, and used it to increase federal land reserves from approximately 40 million acres when he took office to nearly million acres by the end of his second term.
InRoosevelt gave Pinchot responsibility for administering this vast domain, as head of the newly organized U. Forest Service, and ushered in the modern era of western land management, which aims at sustained efficient use of natural resources rather than exploitation and development.
Under Pinchot and his successors, much of the West came under bureaucratic control, with local communities and business interests subject to federal regulation in their use of the resources surrounding them.
Roosevelt initiated similar sweeping change in the West with his support of the National Reclamation Act or Newlands Act ofwhich gave the federal government primary responsibility for dam construction and irrigation projects.
A new federal agency, the Reclamation Service, brought scientific expertise and bureaucratic administration to this task, and by there were water projects underway in all the western states, establishing federal control of the use of this vital resource as well.
Roosevelt also extended federal control over the scenic wonders of the West, using the Antiquities Act, which had been intended to preserve historic landmarks, to set asideacres in Arizona as the Grand Canyon National Monument. He recognized the Pacific as a potential avenue for U.As a bonus postscript, the president's son, Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.
distinguished himself at the Normandy Invasion on D-Day and earned the Congressional Medal of Honor. In Roosevelt won 56% of the popular vote while Parker received 38% of the popular; Roosevelt also won the electoral vote to Roosevelt's victory made him first president to be elected to a full term of his own after having succeeded to the presidency upon the death of a predecessor.
Theodore "Ted" Roosevelt III (September 13, – July 12, ), known as Theodore Roosevelt Jr., was an American government, business, and military leader. He was the eldest son of President Theodore Roosevelt and First Lady Edith Roosevelt. Watch video · As a young boy, Theodore Roosevelt—or "Teedie," as he was known to his family members (he wasn't fond of the nickname "Teddy"), spent a lot of time inside his family's handsome brownstone.
Ten Reasons why Teddy Roosevelt is the Coolest President Ever. The one featuring president Theodore Roosevelt was the favorite among commenters. I don't know which cover was selected, but it. Nov 13, · Watch video · Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th president of the United States, dies at Sagamore Hill, his estate overlooking New York’s Long Island Sound.A dynamic and energetic politician, Theodore Roosevelt is.