General aspects[ edit ] Often, sexual orientation and sexual orientation identity are not distinguished, which can impact accurately assessing sexual identity and whether or not sexual orientation is able to change; sexual orientation identity can change throughout an individual's life, and may or may not align with biological sex, sexual behavior or actual sexual orientation. Innate bisexuality Innate bisexuality is an idea introduced by Sigmund Freud. According to this theory, all humans are born bisexual in a very broad sense of the term, that of incorporating general aspects of both sexes. In Freud's view, this was true anatomically and therefore also psychologically, with sexual attraction to both sexes being one part of this psychological bisexuality.
We are mindful of the significance of this place and we acknowledge and pay respect to the indigenous people who care for and love this land so dearly.
We make our presentation to this forum in memory of the women who lived and died here. Ang pagiging babae ay pamumuhay sa panahon ng digmaTo be a woman is to live at a time of war by Joi Barrios. One piece is a tapis of Bontoc weave from the Cordillera region in the north, the other, a malong from Mindanao in southern Philippines.
Two very different pieces in style and design, they illustrate the cultural diversity of the peoples of our country. You may be surprised to learn that Filipinos speak many languages and dialects; according to one ethnolinguistic research.
The Philippines is comprised of more than 7, islands shared by a wide diversity of cultural communities who live in both upland and lowland country; some also still preserve their traditional maritime society living in boats on the sea.
Outside the urbanised areas, many communities have managed to keep alive their traditional spiritual and social practices. In the course of researching material for this paper, two aspects stand out for comment: One, is the vast amount of material written by and about the situation of Filipino women at home and abroad.
The second, is that the violence suffered by the majority of women throughout the world, while having their own specific forms, is painfully similar and oftentimes exactly the same. The fourth periodic report for the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women CEDAW showed that from December to November"cases of rape and other incidences of violence against women have been increasing but only a small number of offenders are apprehended and convicted.
The most common of these in the Philippines are rape, incest, spouse or partner sexual abuse, sexual harassment, prostitution, trafficking, and pornography. Gender and female sexuality are defined by the dominant social group men through a socialisation process mediated by family and community, school, church and the media.
Traditionally, the husband is expected to be the main breadwinner, chiefly responsible for the financial sustenance of the family, and the wife is "queen of the home". As she takes care of the budget and "holds the purse strings" the husband usually hands over his monthly pay to the wife and gets a regular allowance from hershe is seen as a power to reckon with in the family.
A common phenomenon is labor migration which began in the early s. The "brain drain" reached crisis proportions in the late s when the Marcos government actually promoted the deployment of Filipinos for overseas jobs to deflate unemployment and earn foreign exchange from income remittances to offset the debt crisis.
There are now an estimated 7 million Filipinos working in countries all over the world with the trend showing an increased feminisation of migrant workers.
Women migrant workers are more susceptible to maltreatment, physical and sexual abuse.
Most prone are the domestic helpers and those in the entertainment trade. They have experienced humiliation, abuse, torture and slavery.
Many have returned home dead or badly bruised or psychologically impaired. Pre-colonial Filipinos, or "indios" as we were called by the Spanish, wrote on material like leaves and wood or even fragile rice paper. Nevertheless, some ancient scripts did survive in remote areas and are still used to this day.
In the almost total absence of history written by pre-colonial inhabitants, the origins of the Filipino peoples are preserved in oral traditions of myths and legends. One legend tells the story of creation quite differently from the Judeo-Christian biblical account. In this version, woman and man emerged simultaneously from a bamboo cylinder when a bird pecked at it.
Another legend has it that the first humans on earth came down from the sky as adults, fully formed, comprising of men and women. The egalitarian theme is once again evident.
A joint study conducted by five Filipino women argues that: Research done by women historians has established the more egalitarian status of women during the pre-Spanish period. Encarnacion Alzona enumerates the following rights enjoyed by the pre-Spanish Filipino woman: To this list Mary John Mananzan adds: Moreover, women had an unquestioned preferred role in religious ceremonies as babaylanes or catalones priestesses.
With values and cultural expectations shaped under Spanish tutelage, the Filipina became the "shy, diffident, puritanical, tearstained little woman of the late nineteenth century" so well immortalised in literature. Carmen Guerrero Nakpil  It is asserted however that this "Maria Clara"  type of Filipino woman was more typical among the upper class.
Rural women and women of the labouring classes were not transformed completely and this is attributed to the economic pressures and harsh conditions in which they lived. The value placed on virginity until marriage and sex only for procreation, reflect the Catholic upbringing of most Filipinos, as do the indissolubility of marriage and the belief that the husband is head of the household with absolute authority over his wife and children.
All these values have consequences for women who experience sexual assault and domestic violence, for example, the reluctance to report rape or incest and the tendency to stay in untenable violent relationships even if their lives are at risk.
They also partly explain the fear, shame and guilt that overwhelm victims of these crimes.Your First Sexual Experience: Personal Essays The “first” series is a collection of essays on the first sexual experience, however one may define it.
With contributions from a variety of writers, both women and men, the intent of this series is to explore the emotional and behavioral terrain that is born of our early forays into sexuality. For instance, the activities a society part takes like cricket in India, social institutions such as churches, schools, family, and so forth.
The use of language, the patterns of behaviour and beliefs, and values to it shape the direction of a society over time.
Dec 11, · The women said they hoped to be taken more seriously after a torrent of allegations that have toppled the careers of men in media, business and politics. 🔥Citing and more!
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Selecting a region changes the language and/or content on ashio-midori.com Jun 30, · More than two dozen women in the tech start-up industry spoke to The New York Times about being sexually harassed by investors and mentors.