Effectiveness of the Legislation Summary Great Britain has some of the most stringent gun control laws in the world. The main law is from the late s, but it was amended to restrict gun ownership further in the latter part of the twentieth century in response to massacres that involved lawfully licensed weapons.
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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Introduction The Navy Yard shooting at Washington DC, with 12 victims and gunman killed, after the deadly Sandy Hook massacre, has again reopened the debate on gun-shooting violence in the United States over the last 15 years; though in reality, a total of 62 episodes in schools and other sites occurred since 1.
These incidences create an unsettling atmosphere for the affected families and the empathetic public. A closer look at mass murders and shooters reveals some trends and possible interventions.
Although the events in Newtown, Connecticut raised a renewed dialog on preventing similar tragedies in the future and focused the discussion on the mentally ill, violence in individuals, the ability to access mental health services, gun control, and the association between the media and violence, the shooting at Navy Yard has proven that nothing much has changed.
The SEM uses four levels of influence to describe a framework that identifies factors that either places a person at-risk for or guards them from being subjected to or causing a health problem such as violence. Each level represents a key point in the process of violence, and thereby, offers an opportunity to intervene in violence for prevention.
The framework also provides a tool to use in evaluation of public health issues of firearm violence. Components of SEM for Gun Violence Intervention According to researchers, mental illness fails to be a sufficient reason for mass murder 3. Many individuals suffer from mental health problems, but fail to commit homicide.
Numerous factors converge to create the rare event of public shootings 1. A more recent review found possible mental issues in individuals going on rampage shootings 4. The researchers found mental problems to be related to trauma from broken homes with prior physical or sexual abuse, psychotic behavior with symptoms of schizophrenia or schizotypal personality disorders with paranoid delusions and psychopathic behavior of narcissism, a lack of empathy, a lack of conscience, and sadistic behavior.
Violence occurred more frequently with individuals with a history of being socially ostracized, exhibiting poor anger management, a fascination with violence, and possessing a strong attraction and easy access to guns.
Unfortunately, the perpetrators rarely perceive an individual need for counseling or mental health services. Withdrawn demeanor, social isolation, and poor impulse control appear in individuals perpetuating gun violence 3. The individuals possess a long history of strong feelings of anger and resentment from a lifetime or long interval of collecting injustices.
Some mass murderers become preoccupied with themes of violence and death that come to light in writings, drawings, threats, and bullying. The person goes on a highly personal mission to obtain revenge from a rejecting world and this individual leaves a communication of some kind to the public or news media 6.
Providing mental health services to individuals with risks for harming others is an example of intervention at individual or intrapersonal level of SEM. Relationships or interpersonal level influence In many of the multiple victim incidents, the perpetrator made comments about an attack to more than one other person before its occurrence, but the information known to the peers or significant others failed to be passed on to an adult or followed up on by a responsible adult.
Third parties, particularly teachers and family members, usually possess the ability to identify the individual needing help and to locate resources through such organizations as the National Alliance on Mental Illness 78. In our opinion, the role of the social networks of peers and individuals could provide relationships or interpersonal level opportunity to direct an individual exhibiting the withdrawn demeanor and hints of a violent tendency into counseling or mental health services.
Community level influence Knoll advocates teaching compassion, non-violence, and personal responsibility at a young age in order to go beneath the problem and implement primary prevention 8. The virtue of responsibility requires cultivating the mind during growth and development. We think that both parents and teachers carry an obligation for this training.
Organizations such as schools, workplaces, recreational facilities, and other social gathering places implement zero tolerance for violence. These organization are examples of community level opportunities, which can play a pivotal role in diverting these individuals into programs for anger management, counseling or other interventions, and preventing killing sprees 9.
Society level influence The media represents a significant communication platform that shapes the viewing or listening audience. Some perpetrators became motivated by news coverage of the infamy of previous homicidal tragedies.
The news media exploited the violent and tragic acts of the murderers after the Columbine and Virginia Tech events. However, the media provided an appropriate coverage of Newtown by keeping the public informed and not glorifying or demonizing the wrongdoer 8.
A further positive action by some of the news channels involved using mental health professionals to advise the public on the psychological issues to work through. Offering guidance provides a proactive method to assist teachers, parents, and others directly and indirectly affected by the social disaster When leadership at the scene provides a key spokesperson to impart factual information in a timely manner to the public, the communication reduces panic and uncertainty.
In our opinion, the best approach involves providing open dialog to eliminate misconceptions and reduce anxiety about topics that involve horrendous subjects like the killing of innocent children and adults.
Table 1 Social ecological model of influencea.This Share My Lesson collection explores facts, history, laws, players, potential solutions, and activism on the issue of gun violence in the United States.
You'll find free K resources for educators, school staff and community members. School Shootings Essay Examples. 2 pages. Gun Ownership and the Problem of Gun Violence in America. staff pick. 1, words. 4 pages. An Overview of the School Violence Problem in the United States.
words. 2 pages. An Argument that It's People Who Kill, Not Guns. words. An Introduction to the Issue of School Shootings in the. Read More: Why gun violence is a public health issue» Fear lingers after trauma.
Even though the risk of dying in a mass shooting or a terrorist attack is .
Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, also called Newtown shootings of , mass shooting in Newtown, Connecticut, on December 14, , that left 28 people dead and 2 ashio-midori.com murdering his mother at their home, Adam Lanza fatally shot 20 children and 6 adults at Sandy Hook Elementary School before taking his own life.
U.S. Mass Shootings. Mass shootings in the United States have been unfortunately become a disturbing trend that seems to be on the rise. There have been shootings in public places receiving media coverage and giving the perception they are becoming the new normal. The July issue looks at the modern state of federalism, independents in our political system, the legislative aftermath of school shootings, the role of internships in the statehouse and much more.