Table of Contents Filmic Elements Citizen Kane made cinematic advances on many fronts, and its most significant contribution to cinematography came from the use of a technique known as deep focus. Deep focus refers to having everything in the frame, even the background, in focus at the same time, as opposed to having only the people and things in the foreground in focus. The deep focus technique requires the cinematographer to combine lighting, composition, and type of camera lens to produce the desired effect. Gregg Toland, the cinematographer Welles chose for Citizen Kane, had used the technique in an earlier film he had worked on, The Long Voyage Home, but Citizen Kane marked the first time it was used so extensively or effectively.
Film techniques is the term used to describe the ways that meaning is created in film. Camera Shots A camera shot is the amount of space that is seen in one shot or frame. As a result, camera shots are very important in shaping meaning in a film.
Reviewing the examples on the right hand side of this page should make the different camera shots clearer. An extreme long shot animation on right contains a large amount of landscape. It is often used at the beginning of a scene or a film to establish general location setting.
This is also known as an establishing shot. A long shot animation on right contains landscape but gives the viewer a more specific idea of setting. A long shot may show the viewers the building where the action will take place. A full shot animation on right contains a complete view of the characters.
From this shot, viewers can take in the costumes of characters and may also help to demonstrate the relationships between characters.
For more information on costumes and acting refer to Chapter 4. A mid shot animation on right contains the characters or a character from the waist up. This is also known as a personal shot. This technique is quite common in horror films, particularly the example above.
This type of shot creates an intense mood and provides interaction between the audience and the viewer. When analysing a film you should always think about the different camera shots and why they are being used.
The next time that you are at the cinema or watching television see what camera shots are being used. These camera shots are used in all forms of visual texts including postcards, posters and print advertisements. Camera angles It is important that you do not confuse camera angles and camera shots.
Camera shots are used to demonstrate different aspects of setting, themes and characters. Camera angles are used to position the viewer so that they can understand the relationships between the characters. These are very important for shaping meaning in film as well as in other visual texts.
This angle is often used as an establishing angle, along with an extreme long shot, to establish setting. A character shot with a high angle will look vulnerable or small.
These angles are often used to demonstrate to the audience a perspective of a particular character. The example above demonstrates to us the perspective or point of view of a vampire.
As a viewer we can understand that the vampire feels powerful. This is the most commonly used angle in most films as it allows the viewers to feel comfortable with the characters.
A low angle animation on right is a camera angle that looks up at a character.
This is the opposite of a high angle and makes a character look more powerful. This can make the audience feel vulnerable and small by looking up at the character. As with camera shots, you will be able to see many examples of camera angles in any film or visual text that you view.Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.
Get started now! Dynamic characters also are round characters who will undergo some kind of change in the course of the story. Consider how the doorman used as an example of a static character could instead be a dynamic character if fleshed out a bit more.
One of the biggest bugaboos in manuscript submissions is when the author doesn’t properly introduce the protagonist within the first chapter.
Here's how to help readers meet your main character. 3 Ways To Introduce Your Main Character. By: Guest most probably in a story we have found different types of characters and artists and a.
A narrative technique (also known more narrowly for literary fictional narratives as a literary technique, literary device, or fictional device) is any of several specific methods the creator of a narrative uses to convey what they want —in other words, a strategy used in the making of a narrative to relay information to the audience and, particularly, to "develop" the narrative, usually in.
Stories are told in a manner of different ways. Film production is one of the many ways that we share stories, while also being one of the most wide spread ways. While the way the stories are shared in movies is very similar to other versions of storytelling (books, oral story telling ext.).
Carrying on from last lesson we continued to look at different film techniques and more aspects of film language. The first shot we discussed was the ‘One person shot’ which is usually used to introduce an important character, mainly the main characters.
a shot used to show the characters relationship, which is sometimes difficult.