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Effects of Drug Abuse on the Nervous System Legal or illegal, drug abuse results in medical consequences: According to the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, untreated addiction and risky use of drugs causes or contributes to more than 70 conditions requiring medical treatment.
These effects of drug abuse are also responsible for 20 percent of all the deaths in the U. With continued use, brain chemistry changes and more of the drug is needed to produce the same euphoric experience.
With some drugs, more is needed just to feel normal. When not taking the drug, users commonly experience depression that leads to compulsive drug use. Long-term substance abuse affects brain functioning, causing memory loss, learning difficulties and impaired judgment.
Marijuana causes short-term memory problems. Alcohol shrinks the brain over time and increases the risk for dementia. Inhalants damage brain cells faster than any of the other substances.
Respiratory Effects Inhaled substances, including tobacco, marijuana, crack cocaine, heroin and aerosols, damage the lungs.
These substances cause coughing, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and worsen asthma. In addition, heroin, narcotic pain killers and sedatives disrupt the drive to breathe and may cause respiratory arrest. Most deaths from obstructive pulmonary diseases and lung cancer are linked to smoking tobacco.
Use of inhalants can cause asphyxiation as the concentration of inhaled fumes replaces the oxygen in the lungs. Digestive Effects Alcohol causes a wide range of damaging digestive system effects, including acid reflux, liver cirrhosis and inflammation of the stomach and pancreas.
Sixty percent of cases of pancreatitis result from excessive alcohol intake, reports the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Liver damage is common with use of heroin, inhalants, anabolic steroids and alcohol.
Cocaine abuse can lead to painful gastric ulcers and damaging reductions in blood flow to the intestines due to powerful blood vessel constriction.
Nausea and vomiting often occurs shortly after drug use, and is a symptom of heroin and prescription drug withdrawal. Cardiovascular Effects Most abused substances have adverse effects on the cardiovascular system.
Heroin and prescription drug use can slow or disrupt the heart rate to the point of death. Cocaine, methamphetamine, ecstasy and amphetamines can cause life-threatening effects, including an irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure, stroke and cardiac arrest.
Tobacco smokers are 2 to 4 times more likely to develop coronary heart disease than nonsmokers, warns NIDA. The risk for heart attack, stroke, circulatory problems and aneurysms is also increased for smokers. Other Health Effects Sharing injection equipment while using heroin, cocaine, steroids and methamphetamine puts users at risk for HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
Risky sexual behaviors while under the influence also contribute to an increased rates of HIV, viral hepatitis and other sexually transmitted diseases. Other health issues due to injecting drugs are collapsed veins, infections of the heart and joints, and organ damage from reduced blood flow.
Alcohol increases the risk for many cancers, including the mouth, throat, stomach, liver, lungs, pancreas and bladder. Tobacco use accounts for 90 percent of all lung cancers, notes NIDA.Effects of Addiction to Drugs and Alcohol Essay Sample.
Drug is a substance used as a medication or in the preparation of medication. An alcoholic beverage, on the other hand, is a drink that contains 3 to 40 percent alcohol (ethanol).
real life stories: about drug abuse The best way to convey the truth about drugs is through the words of those who have “been there.” By telling their stories, they can pass on what they have learned so others avoid going down the same path.
The short-term effects that occur in drug users depend on the amount used, the potency or purity of the drug, and whether it is mixed with any other mind-altering substances.
Drugs can affect a person’s thinking, mood, energy level, and perception. 2 They may impair motor functioning, interfere with decision-making and problem-solving, and. The free Drugs research paper (Cause And Effect Of Drugs essay) presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service.
If you need fresh and competent research / writing on Drugs, use the professional writing service offered by our company. These effects put the user in a completely different world that is full of pleasure and enjoyment. The rush that many users experience is also the origin of one of the street names that this drug has been christened.
Short-term effects aside, there are also long-term effects that many users suffer from on a .
Can You Smoke Heroin? Some heroin users smoke the drug because they want to avoid the social stigma associated with intravenous drug use, while others smoke it because they believe it is a safe alternative to injecting.
Heroin can also be smoked with a water pipe, according to the Kentucky Office of Drug Control Policy. The Effects of.