The women's movement, with its emphasis on advocacy of equal rights, newly formed women's organizations, and the rise of a new generation of female artists, photographers, and professionals, transformed the traditional patriarchal social structure across the globe.
Radio broadcasting and Television The sequencing of content in a broadcast is called a schedule.
With all technological endeavours a number of technical terms and slang have developed. Please see the list of broadcasting terms for a glossary of terms used. Radio and television programs are distributed over frequency bands that in the United States are highly regulated.
Such regulation includes determination of the width of the bands, range, licensing, types of receivers and transmitters used, and acceptable content.
Cable television programs are often broadcast simultaneously with radio and television programs, but have a more limited audience. A broadcasting organisation may broadcast several programs simultaneously, through several channels frequenciesfor example BBC One and Two.
Digital radio and digital television may also transmit multiplexed programming, with several channels compressed into one ensemble. When broadcasting is done via the Internet the term webcasting is often used.
Ina new phenomenon occurred when a number of technologies combined to produce podcasting.
Adam Curry and his associates, the Podshoware principal proponents of podcasting. The name comes from the photographic film also called filmstockhistorically the primary medium for recording and displaying motion pictures. Many other terms for film exist, such as motion pictures or just pictures and "picture"the silver screen, photoplays, the cinema, picture shows, flicks, and most common, movies.
Films are produced by recording people and objects with camerasor by creating them using animation techniques or special effects. Films comprise a series of individual frames, but when these images are shown in rapid succession, an illusion of motion is created.
Flickering between frames is not seen because of an effect known as persistence of visionwhereby the eye retains a visual image for a fraction of a second after the source has been removed.
Also of relevance is what causes the perception of motion: Film is considered by many[ who? Any film can become a worldwide attraction, especially with the addition of dubbing or subtitles that translate the film message. Films are also artifacts created by specific cultures, which reflect those cultures, and, in turn, affect them.
The term "computer game" also includes games which display only text and which can, therefore, theoretically be played on a teletypewriter or which use other methods, such as sound or vibration, as their primary feedback device, but there are very few new games in these categories.
Also, more esoteric devices have been used for input, e. Usually there are rules and goals, but in more open-ended games the player may be free to do whatever they like within the confines of the virtual universe.
In common usage, an " arcade game " refers to a game designed to be played in an establishment in which patrons pay to play on a per-use basis. A "computer game" or " PC game " refers to a game that is played on a personal computer. A " Console game " refers to one that is played on a device specifically designed for the use of such, while interfacing with a standard television set.
A "video game" or "videogame" has evolved into a catchall phrase that encompasses the aforementioned along with any game made for any other device, including, but not limited to, advanced calculatorsmobile phonesPDAsetc. Audio recording and reproduction Sound recording and reproduction is the electrical or mechanical re-creation or amplification of soundoften as music.
This involves the use of audio equipment such as microphones, recording devices, and loudspeakers. From early beginnings with the invention of the phonograph using purely mechanical techniques, the field has advanced with the invention of electrical recording, the mass production of the 78 recordthe magnetic wire recorder followed by the tape recorderthe vinyl LP record.
The most recent developments have been in digital audio players.During the 20th century, film has been a powerful media in which to influence people”s lifestyles and human behavior.
Film is for people who do not enjoy reading or other more stimulating leisure and want to be entertained or escape from everyday life. Ironically, it was pointed out that 20th Century Fox itself was the result of a merger in the s when 20th Century pictures joined forces with Fox, thus becoming the industry behemoth it has.
May 01, · The first printed pages appeared more than years ago, since then the media has been giving information and entertainment to the world. In the 20th century alone, there has been numerous developments that have taken place in mass media.
Essays and criticism on Feminism in Literature - Women in the Early to Midth Century () Rarely did depictions of women in mass media, including film, radio, and theater, convey the. The first new mass media to affect magazines was film, which entered the realm of mass media in as The Great Train Robbery drew in moviegoers.
The proliferation of movie magazines began around and continued into the s (Peterson, ). During the 20th century, the growth of mass media was driven by technology, including that which allowed much duplication of material.
Physical duplication technologies such as printing, record pressing and film duplication allowed the duplication of books, newspapers and movies at low prices to huge audiences.