French vs british treatment of native americans essay

I'd like to thank my opponent for starting this debate. Here are Pro's presented arguments: The British were unlawfully taxing the colonists.

French vs british treatment of native americans essay

The North American portion of the war is best known in the U. For the Indian nations, particularly those in the greater Ohio area, some allied themselves with the French, some with the English, and some attempted to stay neutral. In general, the French had come to North America seeking to exploit its riches through trade.

They viewed Indian nations as trading partners and thus they were little concerned with either changing Indian cultures or eradicating the Indians themselves.

The French often learned Indian languages and intermarried into the tribes. They ranged far inland seeking trading partners.

Native American Clashes with European Settlers Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong.
Recent Opinions Vox has its moments like this, although they also recently hired the estimable Jon Allen as a political editor to shore up their credibility. According to Matthews, a British colonial system would have produced fairer treatment for Native Americans, even though the British and French pitted them against each other mercilessly prior to the American Revolution.
In This Article However the primary differences between them are the problems they were trying to solve by colonization and their views of the Native people. The English were concerned with placement of its excess population and in securing the flow of raw materials back to the homeland.
Amherst and Smallpox Personal use only; commercial use is strictly prohibited for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice. Early American legalities, however, differed markedly for women of color—whether free, indentured, or enslaved, and whether Native or African in origin or descent—whose relationships to the legal regimes of early America were manifold and complex.

The English on the other hand, came to North America seeking land. They viewed the land as a great vacant wilderness in which the Indians were often seen as wild savages. Their policies toward the Indians tended to be genocidal: Initially, the English settlers did not range far from the coast, but by the eighteenth century their greed for land brought them farther inland and here they found the French living and trading with the Indians.

While the Seven Years War officially began inin North America the armed conflicts between the French and the English began in When the French constructed Fort Duquesne in Ohio in an attempt to gain influence over the Indian tribes in the area, the Seneca leader Tanacharison Half King reported this action to the British Virginia forces under George Washington.

Tanacharison provided Washington with a delegation of warriors to go with the Virginia forces in an expedition against the French.

The combined Virginian and Seneca forces surrounded a French camp, killing 10 and taking 21 prisoners.

American-Indian Wars - HISTORY

The wounded French leader attempted to explain that he was on a diplomatic peace mission. Tanacharison, who was more fluent in French than Washington, killed him before Washington understood the nature of his message.

Tanacharison Half King then arranged a council between tribal leaders and George Washington. Washington, realizing that he needed the support of the tribes, explained that the purpose of the British military efforts was to maintain Indian rights to the region and to prevent the French from taking their lands.

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They also knew that the size of the advancing French troops made an alliance with the British a bit risky. InEngland officially declared war on France and then France officially declared war on England.

The focus of the war in North America was on the Ohio Valley. The French wanted to consolidate their position in the Ohio which would restrict the English to the area between the Allegheny Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean.

In addition, there were a few Abenaki, Nipissing, and Ottawa. In the western portion of the area were the Miami Confederacy and the Illinois Confederacy. Inthe Lenni Lenape under the leadership of Tamaqua made peace with the British.

Tamaqua then spread the word of peace to other tribes and the war leaders from the Lenni Lenape DelawareShawnee, Wyandot, Ottawa, Ojibwa, Kaskaskia, Miami, and Potawatomi met at Fort Pitt to make peace by symbolically burying the war hatchet under the tree of peace. The British demanded that all captives be released as a condition of the peace.

From an Indian perspective, this was an unrealistic demand.

North America and Europe circa 1492

Many of the captives, mostly women and children, had been adopted into the tribes. Most of the former captives considered themselves to be tribal members. They preferred Indian life to life as British colonists. Indian leaders had no way to force the former captives to return to their old lives, and very few would do so voluntarily.

The Ottawa leader Pontiac demanded to know why the Americans were trespassing on Indian land. The Americans told him that they were there only to remove the French. After they gave Pontiac wampum, he smoked with them.


While Pontiac agreed to be a subordinate of the English Crown, he told the English that if the King should neglect him, he would shut down all routes to the interior. Inthe war in North America was over: Indians soon found that they were not welcome at the British forts and intermarriage was discouraged.

English actions toward the Indians made it clear that they felt that they had no obligation toward the Native people. While the French had secured the loyalty of their Indian allies by providing them with ammunition and supplies, the English did not.The Native Americans' Role in the American Revolution: Choosing Sides.

At the outbreak of the Revolutionary crisis in the s, Native Americans faced a familiar task of navigating among competing European imperial powers on the continent of North America. Related Link Yes, Native Americans Were the Victims of Genocide By Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz.

On September 21, the National Museum of the American Indian will . Transcript of Impact of colonization of Native Americans. First encounters. / Native American and European relationship Native Americans provided fur pelts to French and Dutch traders.

French vs british treatment of native americans essay

The English promised Native peoples the rights to hunt in their territories and to fair treatment under law. Democracy in Early America: Servitude and the Treatment of Native Americans and Africans prior to by Wendy Thowdis. a British View," "John Peter Zenger and Freedom of the Press," , Archiving Early America.

Taking place in North Carolina, the Tuscarora War, led by Chief Hancock, was fought between the British, Dutch, and German settlers and the Tuscarora Native Americans. In an attempt to drive the colonists out of their territory, the tribe attacked several settlements, killing settlers and destroying farms. Essays explore the history of California and the state's evolving diversity. Diversity in the Changing State Native Americans: The 19th Century. Gold Rush, Statehood, and the Western Movement" was written by Joshua Paddison and the University of California in . Native Americans resisted, as best they could, Anglo-American encroachment on their lands after , as illustrated by the Creek Wars of and , and .

"Maryland Toleration Act of ," The Avalon Project. The British tried to enslave Native Americans when they came to the New World as well as convert them to Christianity. This is similar to the treatment that they received from the Spaniards.

The British didn't come to the New World until , when they established their Jamestown, Virginia colony. The French were more likely to develop trade relations than to settle permanently on native lands. Their settlement of the indigenous lands in Canada occurred more gradually.

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Revolutionary Limits: Native Americans []