Politeness behavior, according to Leech, is embodied in the 6 maxims, as follows:
Get Full Essay Get access to this Positive politeness essay to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Positive Politeness Essay Sample I. Research Background Communication has an important role in our life. According to Gartside communication is the art of sharing anything.
In its vital sense it means a sharing of ideas and feelings in a mood mutual understanding Thus, people can cooperate with each other when they communicate just as they do in any other shared activity. Communication is usually defined as conversation, namely for sending and receiving message.
If the message cannot be received it means that communication does not work well. Moreover, every day we adapt our conversation to different situations. Among our friends for instance, we can easily say something that would be seen discourteous among strangers and we avoid over formally with our friends.
In both situations above we try to avoid making the hearer embarrassed and uncomfortable. People generally behave in accordance with their expectation concerning their public self-image or face wants to be respected.
Face means public self image of a Positive politeness essay it refers to the emotional and social sense of self that everyone has and expects everyone to recognize Yule, Face has two aspects, positive and negative. Therefore, people in their relationship need to preserve both kinds of faces for themselves and the people they interact with the politeness utterances.
According to Brown and Levinson Brown and Levinson sum up human politeness behavior in four strategies among them are the bald on record strategy, the positive politeness strategy, the negative politeness strategy, and bald off record strategy.
Problem Statements Based on the research background above, the researcher proposes the main problems as follows: What factors influence the characters to employ those strategies? Politeness Strategy Politeness is a system of interpersonal relations designed to facilitate interaction by human interaction by minimizing, potential conflict and confrontation inherent in all human interchange Yule, Face means public self-image of person.
It refers to that emotional and social sense of self that every person has and expects everyone else to recognize Yule, According to Fasold It can be lost, maintained, or enhanced, and must be constantly attended to in interaction. According to Brown and Levinson in Fasold, Negative face Negative face is the desire to have freedom of action, freedom of imposition, and not to be impeded by others.
Positive face Positive face is the need to be appreciated and accepted, to be treated as the member of the same group, and to know that his or her wants are share by others.
Brown and Levinson in Thomas In order to reduce the FTAs Brown and Levinson sum up four main types of politeness strategy, namely bald on record, negative politeness, positive politeness, and bald off record.
This strategy is most often utilized by the speakers who closely know their audience. With the bald on record strategy there is a direct possibility that the audience will be shocked or embarrassed by the strategy.
Positive politeness strategy The second strategy is positive politeness and this strategy attempts to minimize the threat to the hearers face. This strategy is most commonly used in situations where the audience knows each other fairly well.
Quite often hedging and attempts to avoid conflict are used. Negative politeness strategy The third strategy is negative politeness, which presumes that the speaker will be imposing on the hearer. The potential for awkwardness is greater than in bald on record strategy and positive politeness strategy.
Negative face is the desire to have freedom of action. Bald off record strategy The final politeness strategy outlined by Brown and Levinson is the bald off record strategy. This strategy uses indirect language and removes the speaker from the potential to being imposing.
Based on the theories above, the researcher will use the second strategy, positive politeness strategy, because the story put the situation most in a workplace, where the different statuses such as friend, client, employees, employer or boss interact each other.
Nevertheless, their relationship is fairly well. Positive politeness strategy utterances are not used by the participants who have known each other fairly well, but it is used as a kind of metaphorical extension of intimacy to imply common ground or to share of wants or to limit extend between the strangers, for the some reasons, positive politeness techniques are usable not only for FTA redress, but also in general as a kind of social accelerator for the speaker in using them.
Positive politeness strategy involves fifteen strategies, namely: Exaggerate interest, approval, sympathy with hearer This strategy is often conducted with exaggerate intonation, stress, and other aspects of prosodic, as well as with intensifying modifiers. Intensify interest to the hearer In this strategy, there is another way for the speaker to communicate to the hearer that he shares some of his wants to intensify the interest of his own the speaker contribution to the conversation, by making a good story.Essays & Papers Term Paper on Politeness Essay - Paper Example Term Paper on Politeness Essay At our Group meeting in March, XYZ’s leadership team outlined our strategy to become the world’s leading international air cargo company - Term Paper on Politeness Essay introduction.
Both types of politeness involve maintaining--or redressing threats to--positive and negative face, where positive face is defined as the addressee's 'perennial desire that his wants should be thought of as desirable' (p.
), and negative face as the addressee's 'want to have his freedom of action unhindered and his attention unimpeded. Brown and Levinson’s () theory of politeness has become the “model against which most research on politeness defines itself”.
Brown and Levinson categorize politeness as either positive politeness or negative politeness and tie both strategies to the importance of face in every culture. The central to B & L's politeness theory is the concept of face, and its two concimitant desires negative face and positive face, which are defined from the perspective of individual's wants.
B & L maintain that notion of face constituted by these two basic desire is universal ()/5(1). Words Short Essay on Politeness. Article shared by. Politeness has been well defined as benevolence in trifles. Like benevolence on a larger scale, it includes a feeling in the mind as well as the performance of those outward actions by which that feeling is manifested.
The internal feeling, which is an essential part of true politeness, is.
Positive politeness strategies are intended to avoid giving offense by highlighting friendliness. These strategies include juxtaposing criticism with compliments, establishing common ground, and using jokes, nicknames, honorifics, tag questions, special discourse markers (please), .