The Philippine Islands was the name used before independence. The Republic of the Philippines, a nation of 7, islands with a total area ofsquare milessquare kilometersis located on the Pacific Rim of Southeast Asia. Two thousand of its islands are inhabited. Luzon, the largest island with one-third of the land and half the population, is in the north.
It is an archipelago consisting of some 7, islands and islets lying about miles km off the coast of Vietnam. The second largest island of the Philippines is Mindanaoin the southeast.
Fishing boat at sunset, Boracay Island, central Philippines. The Philippines takes its name from Philip IIwho was king of Spain during the Spanish colonization of the islands in the 16th century.
Because it was under Spanish rule for years and under U. It is, for example, the second most-populous Asian country following India with English as an official language and one of only two predominantly Roman Catholic countries in Asia the other being East Timor.
Despite the prominence of such Anglo-European cultural characteristics, the peoples of the Philippines are Asian in consciousness and aspiration.
The country was wracked by political turmoil in the last quarter of the 20th century. After enduring more than a decade of authoritarian rule under Pres. Ferdinand Marcosthe broadly popular People Power movement in led a bloodless uprising against the regime.
The confrontation resulted not only in the ouster and exile of Marcos but also in the restoration of democratic government to the Philippines Contemporary Filipinos continue to grapple with a society that is replete with paradoxesperhaps the most obvious being the presence of extreme wealth alongside tremendous poverty.
Rich in resources, the Philippines has the potential to build a strong industrial economy, but the country remains largely agricultural. Especially toward the end of the 20th century, rapid industrial expansion was spurred by a high degree of domestic and foreign investment.
That growth, however, simultaneously contributed to severe degradation of the environment. The Philippines also emerged as a regional leader in education during the late 20th century, with a well-established public school and university system, and by the early 21st century the country had one of the highest literacy rates in Asia.
Villagers tending a rice field in the Philippines. The islands spread out in the shape of a triangle, with those south of Palawanthe Sulu Archipelagoand the island of Mindanao outlining from west to east, respectively its southern base and the Batan Islands to the north of Luzon forming its apex.
The archipelago stretches about 1, miles 1, km from north to south, and its widest east-west extent, at its southern base, is some miles 1, km. The island of Taiwan lies north of the Batan group, the Malaysian portion of the island of Borneo is to the south of Palawan, and the eastern islands of Indonesia lie to the south and southeast of Mindanao.
Only about two-fifths of the islands and islets have names, and only some have areas of 1 square mile 2.
The large islands fall into three groups: Kris Guico Relief Outstanding physical features of the Philippines include the irregular configuration of the archipelago, the coastline of some 22, miles 36, kmthe great extent of mountainous country, the narrow and interrupted coastal plains, the generally northward trend of the river systems, and the spectacular lakes.
The islands are composed primarily of volcanic rock and coral, but all principal rock formations are present. The mountain ranges for the most part run in the same general direction as the islands themselves, approximately north to south.
The Sulu Archipelago comprises hundreds of volcanic and coral islands and numerous rocks and reefs in the southwestern Philippines.
It consists of two and in places three parallel ranges, each with an average elevation of about 5, feet 1, metres. The Sierra Madre, extending along the Pacific coast from northern to central Luzon, is the longest mountain range in the country.
To the north of the latter, and between the two ranges, is the fertile Cagayan Valley. The narrow Ilocos, or Malayan, range, lying close along the west coast of northern Luzon, rises in places to elevations above 5, feet 1, metres and is seldom below 3, feet 1, metres ; it is largely volcanic.
Kris Guico Most of the central plain of Luzon, about by 50 miles by 80 kmis only about feet 30 metres above sea level.Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial.
The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago.
Location and Geography. The Republic of the Philippines, a nation of 7, islands with a total area of , square miles (, square kilometers), is located on the Pacific Rim of Southeast Asia.
The culture of the Philippines is a combination of cultures of the East and West. Filipino identity was born at the same time as its creation, Mainly from its pre-colonial cultures that merged with the influence of the colonizers and Chinese traders that melted and evolved to its own unique classical Filipino identity.
In the pre-colonial times, it was a . Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago.
The prehistory of the Philippines covers the events prior to the written history of what is now the ashio-midori.com current demarcation between this period and the Early history of the Philippines is 21 April , which is the equivalent on the Proleptic Gregorian calendar for the date indicated on the Laguna Copperplate Inscription—the earliest .
The prehistory of the Philippines covers the events prior to the written history of what is now the ashio-midori.com current demarcation between this period and the Early history of the Philippines is 21 April , which is the equivalent on the Proleptic Gregorian calendar for the date indicated on the Laguna Copperplate Inscription—the earliest known surviving written record to come from.