Hegemony and resistance through identity formations Culture Interpretive Realism has been the dominant school of thought, in both theory and practice focusing on peace through national strength, armament, and balance of power. For Realists, order is the primary normative value and historical analysis is the soundest methodology to pursue.
Rachel Woodlock Islam Religion is powerfully motivating and belligerent humans fight over it. Heck, religion has caused conflict even in my diverse and tolerant family. Like Jews, Muslims steer clear of anything with an oink. My gentle, peaceable mate, wanting to avoid one of those conversations, said: I gave her some sausages and she ate them right up!
Then again, humans also fight over small bits of compressed carbon, tracts of dirt, addictive mind-altering substances and soccer matches. Tens of thousands of Russian Christians alone were executed for their beliefs by atheists intent on purging religion from the Soviet Union.
Religion has taken on extra significance today because globalisation is challenging and changing everything. Religious identity not only survives but can take on heightened significance when national and political alliances break apart, as happened in the former Yugoslavia in the early s, when Serbs, Croats and Bosniacs were divided along Orthodox, Catholic and Muslim fault lines.
Like both law and politics, religion can be used to defend the oppressed and to oppress the defenceless. The problem of corrupt religion has attracted the criticism of many prophets and saints.
Among the people there is he whose discourse on the life of the world pleases you, and he calls on God as witness to what is in his heart, yet he is an unyielding and antagonistic adversary.
When he turns and leaves, he walks about corrupting the earth, destroying crops and livestock — God loves not corruption Q2: The verse could well apply to Saddam Hussein, who made a show of praying on television, but gassed and bombed Kurds and was a tyrannical dictator.
Religion, unfortunately, provides a useful cover and powerful motivator for the evil-hearted. That religion can be so markedly different in the hands of the power-hungry, as opposed to the altruistic and virtuous, really says more about human psychology than it does about religion.
Antony Loewenstein Judaism Alain de Botton, philosopher and author of Religion for Atheists, is worried about fundamentalism. This is a very odd moment in our culture. The movement, whose keys figures include Richard Dawkins, the late Christopher Hitchens, Sam Harris and Daniel Dennett, is an ideology that arrogantly celebrates an understanding of everything through supposed reason and proof.
It allows little doubt or questioning about the unknown. It also happens that some of these key figures, including Ayaan Hirsi Ali, are backers of state violence against Muslim countries since 11 September Because the Catholic Church has committed innumerable crimes, opposes abortion and birth control, refuses to accept female priests and hides sex offenders in its midst?
To be sure, the institution is dysfunctional, but wishing for its disintegration reflects a savagery that will only inflame, not reduce tensions. None of this is to excuse the undeniable barbarity unleashed by religionists over the centuries.
The misogyny, beheadings, terrorism, killings, beatings and cruelty are real. The "obscenity" was the education of girls. The Taliban felt no shame. They know that what they have done is right because their god tells them so.
Gods have been used to justify almost any cruelty, from burning heretics and stoning adulterers to crucifying Jesus himself. On the other side of the world, Anders Behring Breivik slaughtered 77 Norwegians.
Breivik seems to have seen his murderous spree as a way of getting rid of Muslims, yet his 1,page manifesto revealed, at best, a weak attachment to religious belief. To Breivik, Christianity seems important mainly because he sees it as white.
Breivik, like the devoutly religious Taliban, also appears to feel no shame. Breivik did it in the name of his race.
Timothy McVeigh, who killed people and woundedhated the government. All saw their mass murder as a political act of protest and all felt justified.
Atheists like Mao or Pol Pot have murdered millions in the name of political totalitarianism. Hitler used a quasi-mystical racist philosophy to exploit the ancient hatred of the Jews by Christians.
Religion is very good at conferring a sense of moral superiority on its followers. Atheists are no more or less capable of evil than anyone else, but it seems that murder, particularly mass murder and war, is a sin of commission. In other words, human beings are generally only prepared to fight and kill in the name of something.
It can be a god, but it can also be a political philosophy — like nazism or communism. Many fight for patriotism: Atheismsimply lack of belief in a god, has not yet proved compelling enough to motivate murder. So far no one has gone into a crowded public space and blown themselves up while shouting, "No god is great!This essay aims to delineate and elucidate the Syrian conflict through the theories of constructivism and realism.
Particular attention will be paid to the origin of the Syrian Civil War, along with the major actors involved in this regional, and now international, conflict.
Conflict occurs when people do not agree over ideas, beliefs, goals and values (Northouse, ). When dealing with conflict in the work place it is important to have in mind that the results of conflict lead to productive or unproductive results.
Media Ethics Essay In this paper I will assert that media covering violent political events have a moral obligation to cover all angles and promote peaceful resolutions to conflict. I will begin by providing a brief exegesis of Virginia Held’s work1 in order to evoke key thematic issues which pertain to my essay.
historiographical essay examines the history of these developments, the perception of conflict (real or imagined), and how historians have view the formative years of this conflict in the Gilded Age, and through the Progressive Era, culminating in the Scopes Monkey Trial in s following efforts to legislate against the teaching of Evolution.
More so, cultural issues will bring on these conflicts with a particularly divisive role being played by religion.
With that said, it is my contention that Huntington is not completely wrong about the evolution of conflict between these two. Religious Conflict Through the Ages The role religion plays in world history is, at best, tremendous. Through the ages, religion has both unified and divided civilizations often bringing extreme human casualty, in the case of division, or creating interesting new cultures, in the case of the latter.