A single high-pressure hydraulic system was used to activate the power steeringthe suspension and brakes; the brakes were power assisted to multiply the force applied by the driver. On the Citromatic semi- automatic transmission version, the system also operated the clutchthrough a system of pistons in the gearbox cover to shift the gears in the transmission.
This suspension allowed the DS to travel quickly on the poor road surfaces common in France. Inboard front brakes as well as independent suspension reduced unsprung weight. Different front and rear track widths and tyre sizes reduced the unequal tyre loading, which is well known to promote understeertypical of front-engined and front-wheel drive cars.
Unlike the Traction Avant predecessor, there was no top-of-range model with a powerful six-cylinder engine. An intermediate model was called the DW.
Ironically, Mini was involved with DS competition again two years later, when a drunk driver in a Mini in Sydney Australia crashed into the DS that was leading the London—Sydney Marathon98 miles from the finish line. In the DS they were also used for the suspension, clutch and transmission.
The cheaper ID19 did have manual steering and a simplified power-braking system. An engine driven pump pressurizes the closed system to 2, pounds per square inch.
This suspension allowed the car to achieve sharp handling combined with very high ride qualityfrequently compared to a " magic carpet ". No clean sheet new models were introduced from to The DS was a large, expensive  executive car and a downward brand extension was attempted, but without result.
Michelin was getting a powerful advertisement for the capabilities of the radial tire Michelin had invented, when such experimentation was successful. New models based on the small, utilitarian 2CV economy car were introduced, notably the Ami.
It was also designed by Flaminio Bertoni and aimed to combine Three-box styling with the chassis of the 2CV. The Ami was very successful in France, but less so on export markets.
Many found the styling controversial, and the car noisy and underpowered.
All these 2 cylinder models were very small, so there remained a wide market gap to the DS range all through the s. It combined a small 55 horsepower flat-4 air-cooled engine with Hydropneumatic suspension.
The intended horsepower Wankel rotary-engined version with more power did not reach full production. Its peak production year was Certain design elements like the somewhat narrow cabin, column-mounted gearstickand separate fenders began to seem a little old-fashioned in the s.
The front disc brakes were the same design. Axles, wheel bearings, steering knuckles, and hydraulic components were either DS parts or modified DS parts. Only fitted with a costly, exotic Maserati engine, the SM was faster and much more expensive than the DS.
The SM was not designed to be a practical 4-door saloon suitable as a large family carthe key market for vehicles of this type in Europe.
During the year production life improvements were made on an ongoing basis. It retained the open two headlamp appearance, but was available with an optional set of driving lights mounted on the front fenders.
All models in the range changed nose design at the same time, including the ID and station wagon models. This version had a more streamlined headlamp design, giving the car a notably shark-like appearance.
This design had four headlights under a smooth glass canopy, and the inner set swivelled with the steering wheel. This allowed the driver to see "around" turns, especially valuable on twisting roads driven at high speed at night. The directional headlamps were linked to the wheels by cable.
The outboard low-beam headlamps are self-leveling in response to pitching caused by acceleration and braking. Both had the disadvantage of being hygroscopic. With every "inhalation" of fresh moisture- and dust- laden air, the fluid absorbed more water.
This fluid was much less harsh on the system. All models, including the station wagon and ID, were upgraded at the same time.With local production out of the question (the automaker still hasn’t even nailed down exactly how it plans to sell these vehicles), a new tariff would impact the price of each and every Peugeot, Citroën, or DS vehicle it ships over.
Below is an essay on "Psa Peugeot Citroën" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Introduction In February , PSA Peugeot Citroën (PSA) entered into an agreement with Mitsubishi Motor Corp.
(Mitsubishi),2 the ailing Japanese car maker. King K. History of Problems.
Rover’s K Series — a lightweight, technically advanced easily tuneable four, or an unreliable and fragile lump?
THREE years ago, I bought from the Commercial Director of the Lotus One Make motor sport aseries my Lotus ex-racer. ashio-midori.com is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want.
Develop great apps for connected cars with our APIs. Use the API to access all the data of Peugeot, Citroen and DS cars. Subscribe now and save, give a gift subscription or get help with an existing subscription.